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A Guide to the Different Types of Gemstone Cuts

Published July 25th, 2023 by Annapolis Jewelers

Since the beginning of time, mankind's been fascinated with unearthing treasures. We love digging up precious gems, which have their own unique colors, shine, and sparkle.

Once you clean those up and give them a few cuts though, you can take gemstones from good to brilliant. Place them in beautiful jewelry, and you'll have beauty unrivaled.

Whether it's for yourself or a loved one, a piece of jewelry with perfectly cut gems can be the ultimate gift.

Wondering what gemstone options there are? Then read on to find out what the different types of gemstone cuts are.

Round Brilliant Cut

The round brilliant cut is the most common and classic cut for diamonds. This makes it the perfect cut if you want to design your own custom wedding ring and use the traditional matrimonial gemstone. Still, the round brilliant cut is great for some colored stones.

As the name suggests, it's a round shape. It has 58 facets, which maximize brilliance and sparkle.

Oval Cut

The oval cut is perfect for those who like something simple yet elegant. It has a similar brilliance to the round brilliant cut, but it appears larger per carat weight.

This cut has 58 facets too, so you can count on it being sparkly.

Princess Cut

This is yet another fantastic cuz if you're opting for diamonds. It's classy, as it's a square or rectangular cut with pointed corners.

The princess cut offers a nice balance of brilliance and uniqueness. It usually has 58 or 76 facets; the latter maximizes light reflection and brilliance even more.

Emerald Cut

As the name suggests, the emerald cut is ideal for emeralds. However, it's also good for similar gemstones, such as aquamarine.

This cut has 57 separate facets and is rectangular with cut corners, which means it has step-like facets. As a result, you'll emphasize the stone's color and clarity.

Cushion Cut

The cushion cut makes any gemstone look like a small pillow. This gives the jewelry a vintage appearance, and it doesn't hurt that the cut also gives the stone excellent brilliance.

The cushion cut has a square or rectangular shape with rounded corners. It can have anywhere between 58 to 64 facets, although 58 facets will have a more traditional look.

Marquise Cut

For a dramatic flair, try the marquise cut. It's an elongated cut with pointed ends.

With its 57 facets, this cut maximizes carat weight. It elongates the finger too, which is why it's so popular for engagement rings.

Choose From These Types of Gemstone Cuts

Now you know some of the most common types of gemstone cuts. This can help you narrow down options when you want to buy jewelry.

Of course, there are many other choices out there, so if you don't like these cuts, you're not stuck. Instead, consult with an experienced jeweler to see which cuts are great for the types of gemstones you're interested in.

If you'd like to get custom jewelry with the gemstone cuts you like, then contact us now. We're open Tuesday through Saturday.

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